Rhino Poaching Case Study
Rhino poaching has accelerated dramatically over the past five years. Rhino horn is now worth more than gold or illegal drugs like cocaine; unfortunately, this demand has attracted unwanted attention from those operating in human trafficking, drug smuggling, and illegal firearms.
Consequently, National Parks and private reserve anti-poaching strategies have been powerless to curb such highly sophisticated and financially backed criminal elements. Demand for Rhino horn has now reached a level that threatens the survival of this species. The demand for Rhino horn originates mainly from Vietnam where Rhino horn powder is added to wine for the affluent. In China, Rhino horn is believed to have medicinal qualities e.g. it is believed to cure cancer.
The impact of such excessive Rhino horn poaching has not only affected the biodiversity of Rhino’s natural habitats, but local communities reliant on livelihoods from National Parks and private reserves depend on tourism. Daily reminders of Rhino poaching in the media, combined with inadequate law enforcement, such as failure to prosecute or imprison those that are convicted and a general lack of leadership in tackling this issue, has resulted in numerous campaign groups with good intentions, but has yielded little in real results.
GACF is a mechanism for direct action by collaborating with the public, NGOs, educational bodies, government, and corporate businesses to generate funding and awareness needed to deliver real Rhino 'anti-poaching' results.
The work of the GACF is to safeguard against poachers. It is this proactive response that stands to eliminate existing Rhino poaching, ivory trade, and future threats targeting South Africa's precious fauna and flora. GES’ system and processes can be applied throughout Africa and other regions worldwide, which experience similar conservation issues.
The current spotlight is on both Rhinos and Elephants and their time is running out. What species will be targeted next is unknown, but what is certain is that GACF’s systems and processes are a positive force for transformation in this Wildlife sector.